The City of Ohio became an independent municipality on March 3, 1836, splitting from Brooklyn Township. The city grew from a population of 2,400 people in the early 1830s to over 4,000 in 1850. The municipality was annexed by Cleveland on June 5, 1854. James A. Garfield, who became the 20th president of the United States, frequently preached at Franklin Circle Christian Church in 1857. Franklin Circle Christian Church is located at the intersection of Franklin Boulevard and Fulton Road. The birthplace of John Heisman, famous for the annual Heisman Trophy awarded to the best player in college football, is located in Ohio City. He was born in the neighborhood in 1869, and an Ohio Historical Society marker stands in commemoration near the corner of Bridge Avenue and West 29th Place
Ohio City Incorporated (OCI) is the community development corporation responsible for preserving, promoting and developing the Ohio City neighborhood. OCI serves the community by providing assistance to both neighborhood residents as well as businesses and institutions through the vehicles of advocacy and engagement, community building, marketing, special events, neighborhood planning and housing assistance. Furthermore, OCI is engaged in tenant attraction and retention. The work of OCI is aimed at making Ohio City a vibrant and livable community. Ohio City is located on the Near West Side of Cleveland, across the Cuyahoga River from Downtown Cleveland. The neighborhood sits just south of Lake Erie and is home to over 9,000 residents and more than 250 businesses.
Ohio City offers a wealth of cultural institutions; public, private and charter schools; over 100 non-profit organizations, local restaurants and retail. Ohio City is rated the second most walkable neighborhood in Cleveland, with downtown being named first. A complete urban neighborhood, Ohio City offers everything residents or visitors might need. The influx of new residents combined with the longtime, committed community members has meant continuous growth over the last three years. Known for its diversity, historic housing stock, entrepreneurial spirit, passionate neighbors, and anchors like the West Side Market, Lutheran Hospital and Saint Ignatius High School, Ohio City is Cleveland’s most complete neighborhood.